Para-Athletics and using the Multi-Disabled Standards (MDS)
Understanding the MDS for athletics:
The MDS tables have been designed over a number of years to try and assist competition management to determine places in events where athletes with a variety of disabilities compete in the same event.
This table allows the officials to correctly adjudicate AWD events at school, interclub and state championship. Athletics Australia therefore recommends that the MDS be used for underage events and for Open events athletes performances should be a percentage of the classification World Record. (This same system should also be used for ranking athletes from heats into semi-finals and finals, as well as ranking in field events).
Prior to 2000 all results were determined based on the percentage of each classification World Record, but this process placed many underage athletes at a disadvantage based on the depth of some classes and events.
The MDS was created to try and reduce the number of anomalies between the athletes competing against World Records, with considering given to the range within each classification group. Unfortunately there will continue to be discrepancies, even within each class as there is a wide range of abilities.
To provide a more accurate reflection of calculating the MDS, results are taken from International (World, Paralympic and World Championship Records) along with the Australian Records (Open, Under 20, Under 18 and Under 16) with an average taken from these performances.
Other factors are also then considered such as ease and access of technical equipment such as prosthesis and wheelchairs (racing chairs and throwing frames), the possibility of having appropriate access to guide runners, and the varying degrees of functional ability against the athlete’s disability classification.
The MDS is constantly reviewed and updated in July of each Year for the following 12 month period. Changes to the MDS are based on the relevant Records being updated at International, National and Underage events within each class.
This process is to try and enable that each athlete, and each class continue to have a relatively equal opportunity to not only perform at their best possible, but to also have a fairness in competing for medals.
Technical areas for consideration
Athletes should only compete in similar age groups where possible / practical.
Things such as differences in implement weights for field events across ages cannot be considered in the formula.
The following formula is used to create a % of performance which becomes the MDS calculation with disabilities have been grouped together based on degree of disability and function related to age
All Records are updated by 30 June each Year and the MDS adjusted accordingly
% of av T/F Classes
85% 11, 32, 35, 42, F51, F52, F53
90% 12, 33, 36, 44, T52, F54, F55 F56
95% 01, 13, 20, 34, 37, 38, 40, 41, 45, 46, T53, T54, F57, F58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64
Please open the document below to see the latest MDS. This table can be used at any regional, state, or national multi-disabiity 'underage event'.
This is valid for the 2019 calendar year.
Para Athletics MDS (2018-2019)Cross Country MDS 2017/18
OPEN WR TABLES
Records for use in creating Open WR Tables. IPC WR takes priority, please note some WR's appear vacant on the IPC WR document, these can be found at the bottom of the IPC Records page under "New Record Marks" as at 1 January 2015. Where there is no record for an event at all please use either HI, Transplant or II World Records where relevant.
IPC World Records
Hearing Impairment WRs Transplant WRs Intellectual Impairment WRs
Additional useful links:
National Records | National Entry Standards | Implement Weights | IPC Competition Rules & Regulations
For more informaiton on the MDS tables please contact AA Para-athletics Statistician Neil Fuller: firstname.lastname@example.org